Oily skin, also known as seborrhea is a result of overproduction of serum from sebaceous glands.These glands are dispersed in most of the religion of your body.Yet it is highly concentrated in your face and hair.
Sebum produced by sebaceous gland is a complex mixture of lipids such as triglycerides, fatty acids, wax ester and Cholersterol.It acts as epidermal skin barrier.It keeps the moisturised, but at limited amount.The Average rate of normal sebum production is 1 mg /10 cm 2, every three hours.A rate higher than this about 1.5 mg/10 cm 2 results in Seborrhea or Oily Skin.In contrast, rate of sebum production of less than 0.5 mg /10cm2 results in Xerosis or dry skin.The excess oil can clog pores.This may trap bacteria, dirt and pollutants causing pimples, acne, blackheads etc.
Thus, it is essential to keep the oil production balanced
How to prevent excess oil production
- Wash your face atleast twice a day
- Avoid using oil based cosmetics when you have oily skin already
- Certain foods such as the one consisting of saturated fatty acids e.g dairy products, Pizza , burger etc are known to increase sebum production
- Remove makeup before falling asleep to avoid clogged of pores
- Keep you skin hydrated.The sebaceous glands produce more serum in response to dehydration , to cope up for the moisture loss.Thus it is important to keep your skin well hydrated.Drink at least 2-3 L of water daily or use serum comprising of active ingredients that are known to Hydrate skin e.g Hyaluronic acid
Yes, Oily skin do need moisturization. Lack of moisture results in an even more oilier skin. Use a light-Weight, water-based moisturiser so as to avoid your skin to look oily & greasy.
White Lotus moisturiser by Suganda is a best choice for oily and acne prone skin.With the goodness of White lotus and hydrating properties of ingredient such as Hyaluronic acid, it is suited for oily skin types.Along with these, It has got Niacinamide, also known as Vitamin B3 is a super star ingredient known to balance oil production.
The moisturiser also contains Hyaluronic acid which hydrates skin.As mentioned before, lack of moisture stimulates more oil production to cope up fo water loss.
It is a light-weight moisturiser, which absorbs easily by your skin and contains to most essential ingredients to target oily skin.
Ingredients that work best on oily and acne prone skin
Ingredients that works best for oily skin types
a.Retinoids: Retinoid family comprises Retinol, Retinaldehyde and Retinal.They are known to reduce sebum production by binding at the nuclear receptor.This leads to transcription of genes which for encode proteins responsible for inhibiting sebum production.Thus Retinoids serve as one of the treatment for Oily skin.
b.Salicylic acid: It is a beta hydroxy acid which has anti-inflammatory properties.It acts as an exfoliant and slough off dead skin cells.Thus, It unclog pores ( clogged by bacteria, sebum and dead skin cells )making skin brighter and help you get rid of problems such as Blackheads and Whiteheads.
c.Azelaic acid :Azelaic acid is anti-inflammatory and Exfoliates skin.It also has anti-bacterial property which makes it ideal for treatment against P.acnes ( Bacterial that cause acne).It soothes irritated skin & reduces redness of the skin.It is also known to reduce Hyperpigmentation ( dark spots or patches on your skin ) by acting on Enzyme tyrosinase.this enzyme is responsible for the production of melanin ( Pigment responsible for colour of your skin )
The Versatility of this amazing ingredient makes it a must-incorporate ingredient into the daily skincare regimen.
Try this : Azelaic + Niacinamide serum by Suganda is best choice for beginners struggling with oily and acne -prone skin.It helps regulate sebum production along with multitude benefits of Azelaic acid & Niacinamide.Apart from this , It hydrate and moisturises skin.It’s lightweight and water based formula makes it perfect for Oily and Acne prone skin.
e.Niacinamide : As discussed earlier, Niacinamide
Moisturisers is must
Serums for oily and acne-prone skin in in India
Try this :
References :Endly, D. C., & Miller, R. A. (2017). Oily Skin: A review of Treatment Options. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology, 10(8), 49–55.