All this never ending information about hyperpigmentation but how would you figure out what kind of pigmentation you have?
Hormonal pigmentation, as suggested by its name, is a skin condition caused by an imbalance in the hormones resulting in some sort of discolouration in the affected areas.
Causes categorised by affected areas :
- Central Facial - Pigmentation concentrated around and on the face can be mostly due to hormonal changes. The discoloured patches seem to be almost symmetrical.
- Outline of the Face - If the affected areas trace the outer parts of your face along the hairline, then the most likely cause is Sun damage. Unusual areas: Irritation and inflammation can occur due to friction. Tight fitting clothing, as well as the bands of garments, can also add to this friction. One thing is clear: when the ozone barrier weakens, more UV rays penetrate the atmosphere, causing pigmentation disorders to worsen.
Because enhanced melanin formation is entirely dependent on light exposure, any therapy for a pigmented blemish must be accompanied by a stringent restriction on sun exposure and protection.
All-natural and artificial UVA & UVB must be avoided, and a broad-spectrum sunscreen with antioxidants that is appropriate for each individual burn time must be applied at all times.
Pigmentation can also be caused by taking hormones, antibiotics, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by stimulating the production of melanin.
- Unusual areas: Irritation and inflammation can occur due to friction. Tight fitting clothing and the bands of garments and trauma can also add to this friction. The resulting inflammation may be mild and even seem like nothing more than an occasional nuisance. But if it continues over a long period of time, there might be chances of it having long term effects. The body’s response to this is to recruit cells such as the melanocytes to the affected area, which in turn would lead to increased levels of pigmentation.
Pigmentation due to medication :
It is important to establish the root cause of pigmentation first in order to treat it. If the pigmentation is induced by medication that you have been using either orally or topically, you may have to discontinue it. Consult with your doctor and dermatologist before you take or stop any prescribed medications. Among other things, you should also avoid the sun as much as you can and use sun protection daily in the form of sunscreen.
These are the reasons for the pigmentation. Now let's see the ‘how’ of treating it.
Vitamin C: This famous ingredient can speed up collagen synthesis with the help of other key ingredients. A fact to always remember about Vitamin C is that it’s a light-sensitive vitamin that is seriously harmed by UVR exposure, particularly UVA. It was found that Vit c works to curb the production of melanin.
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Tocopherol: Also known as Vitamin E. It is a fat-soluble antioxidant that protects your skin from free radicals while simultaneously moisturising, convenient, isn’t it? Vitamin E also has anti-inflammatory properties which naturally enhance the skin's regeneration process, thus often alleviating discoloration and pigmentation. Topical application of tocopherol on the skin, especially when combined with vitamin C, helps to protect the skin from UV damage. Tocopherol can be used for skin conditions like melasma or chloasma which are the dark spots caused by hormonal imbalance.
Lactic acid: Lactic acid is one of the most popular alpha hydroxy acids available. It is milder and more hydrating than Glycolic Acid. What’s better is that Lactic acid is specifically used to treat hyperpigmentation, age spots, and other factors that contribute to a dull and uneven complexion.
Click on the link below to get your hands on the precisely formulated lactic acid serum from Suganda!Arbutin and kojic acid: Arbutin is an organic compound derived from the bearberry plant and kojic acid is made from different types of fungi. Both of them are very effective in treating pigmentation. These 2 compounds work by obstructing tyrosine production. Tyrosine is an amino acid from which melanin is produced in the presence of an enzyme called tyrosinase. By blocking the enzyme tyrosinase, tyrosine production is stopped and melanocytes will not be able to produce melanin. Thus with less production of melanin, there will be fewer dark spots. Topical application of arbutin has been shown to help with melasma and severe dark spots.
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Tranexamic acid reduces skin redness and dark spots while treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or melasma
It contains acetyl glucosamine which fades skin discoloration & Offers skin-calming properties
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