Causes of Pigmentation and its Treatment

Written by - Dhatri

 

Are you the one who is searching for the causes of pigmentation? Do you have a skin pigmentation problem? If yes, then here you will get to know about the causes and treatment of pigmentation.

Pigmentation means excess production of a pigment present in the skin called melanin. In short, it means colouring. Your skin gets darker or lighter in colour due to changes in the production of melanin. Pigmentation is mostly seen in the face and neck area. Before moving ahead with the remedies, we must take into consideration the causes of pigmentation so that it will be easier to apply remedies accordingly.

What Are the Causes of Pigmentation?

  1. Genetics
    Genes present in the body are also responsible for regulating or controlling melanin production. Melanin production by melanocytes leads to darker skin tone, while lower melanin production leads to lighter skin colour. In both situations, the skin looks or reacts differently. Genetics is one of the causes of pigmentation.
  1. Hormonal Changes
    Hormone changes are especially noticeable during pregnancy and puberty. During pregnancy, oestrogen and progesterone hormones increase, which leads to pigmentation marks on the skin.
  1. Melasma
    Melasma is a common disease faced by most pregnant women, where dark blackish or brownish-greyish patches are formed on the face during pregnancy. These patches or spots commonly appear on the upper lips, cheeks, chin, nose, and forehead.
  1. Insulin Resistance
  2. Skin irritation.
  3. Other medications
    It includes chemotherapy treatment, drug intake, etc.
  1. Exposure to sunlight
  2. Pollution

 

How To Treat Pigmentation On The Skin?

There are several treatment options available to treat pigmentation on the skin. It will be easier to reduce pigmentation to a certain extent if one takes good care of the skin. Therefore, let's talk about the best serums and creams that can treat pigmentation.

Causes of Pigmentation and its Treatment

Vitamin C serum-

Vitamin C is the most essential ingredient to cure skin issues from within. It helps in reducing free radicals and pigmentation. So, make sure while buying a serum that it contains Vitamin C.

  • Application of Retinoids
    It comes from Vitamin A. Small particles of retinoids merge deeply into the skin and remove dirt, dust, and impurities from the inner layer of the skin. This ensures that your skin remains healthy and free from skin pigmentation.
  • Chemical Peel
    It helps in reducing pigmentation marks and patches that occur on the skin. Consult your dermatologist about professional-grade peels to get rid of pigmentation.

 

  • Using exfoliating acids
    It exfoliates the skin and makes it smooth. Face acids such as salicylic acid and glycolic acid are the best options to treat pigmented skin issues.If you are looking for the best pigmentation serum, then you must buy Suganda skincare's Advanced Pigmentation Serum. It contains alpha-arbutin and acetyl glucosamine factors that help lighten pigmentation faster. It also contains niacinamide, which reduces uneven skin tone and reduces redness. You can also use Anti Pigmentation Duo. This duo contains Mandelic acid and Arbutin, which will help fade pigmentation marks and patches.

Bottom line:

Pigmentation is caused by excess production of a pigment present in the skin called melanin. During pregnancy, oestrogen and progesterone hormones increase, which leads to pigmentation marks on the skin. If one takes proper care of the skin, then it will be easier to reduce the pigmentation to a certain extent. Having said that, let's see which of the available serums and creams are best suited to treat pigmentation. Creams or serums containing Pterocarpus marsupium extract and alpha-arbutin should be free of harsh chemicals such as SLS and paraben. Vitamin C serum-Vitamin C is the most essential ingredient to cure skin issues from within. Using sunscreen regularly protects your skin from UV rays and pigmentation. A chemical peel helps in reducing pigmentation marks and patches that occur on the skin.

Sources:

1.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4142815/

2.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2921758/#:~:text=First%2Dline%20therapy%20typically%20consists,effectively%20lighten%20areas%20of%20hypermelanosis.

 

 

 

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