Skin ageing is part of a natural human "ageing mosaic" that manifests in many organs, tissues, and cells over time and follows distinct trajectories. While we cannot see the indicators of internal organ ageing, we can see the signs of skin ageing.
There are two types of ageing. The first one is Chronological or intrinsic ageing which refers to ageing that is produced by our genes and is dependent on the passage of time. The second is Extrinsic ageing, which is determined by our lifestyle choices and the environment we live in. Ultraviolet radiation, cigarette smoking, and air pollution are some common external causes that can make our skin age prematurely.
Photodamage (damage from the sun) of the skin leads to wrinkles and pigmentary changes at a very young age.
Sun avoidance or using sunscreens to block or reduce skin exposure to UV radiation are all strategies for preventing photo-ageing. Using sunscreen from your early 20’s is the first step towards achieving a visibly younger and more even skin tone. Over time it helps in avoiding photodamage, making your skin appear younger in the long run.
Anti-ageing Products You Should Use
Retinoids are one such ingredient that inhibits collagenase synthesis and promote collagen production, and antioxidants, particularly in combination, reduce and neutralize free radicals.
Using a retinol serum will help reduce wrinkle formation and fine lines. One best example of retinol serum is 2% GRANACTIVE RETINOID IN SQUALANE from Suganda.
AHA Or BHA Exfoliators
While the regular exfoliators are harsh on your skin, that's where a leave-on, ultra-gentle AHA or BHA exfoliant comes in to help your skin exfoliate naturally and subtly.
AHA exfoliants are commonly used for anti-ageing purposes, but they can also be used to cure acne. AHAs are more hydrating than BHAs, and hence they are recommended for normal to dry skin types.
But anyone who uses Alpha hydroxy acids should apply a sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays because using AHA or BHA sensitizes your skin against UV- rays. Many sunscreens do not protect against UVA radiation, which are the ones most linked to skin ageing.
Collagen and elastin, which keep skin firm and flexible, decrease as you get older. Vitamin C's antioxidants may help to increase collagen production and reduce fine lines, wrinkles, and scars. You can easily find skincare products that contain vitamin C or add a serum to boost the strength of your daily moisturizer or lotion.
What Are Some Other Skin Changes?
Secondary elements that contribute to skin changes include gravity, face movement, and sleeping position. Gravity causes drooping of the eyebrows and eyelids, looseness and fullness under the cheeks and jaw (jowls and "double chin"), and larger ear lobes when the skin loses its elasticity.
Skin changes as men and women grow older. But remember, there are things that can help you. Always keep an eye on your skin. Consult your physician if you notice any changes that concern you.